عنوان مقاله [English]
The variation of feed characteristics of the Choghart Iron Processing Plant has resulted in the reduction of AG mill efficiency. In this research, the possibility of converting the Choghart AG mill to SAG mill to stabilize the mill power draw and improve the grinding process was investigated. The JKSimMet software was used to simulate the circuit and predict the effect of charging steel balls to the AG mill. The results of grinding tests on the ore samples were used to simulate the circuit. The product size distribution predicted by the software was very close to the actual product size of the AG mill. The simulation of the circuit, using different tonnage of 100 mm steel balls showed that the mill throughput could increase by around 6 percent with a slight increase in the mill product size. The actual results of adding the steel ball to the plant were in agreement with the simulation results.
The throughput of Choghart AG mill circuit was lower than the expected level for grinding the oxidized (or high Fe/FeO ratio) ores. Converting the AG mill to SAG mill to increase the grinding of this type of ore was the investigated option. The circuit was simulated by JKSimMet software and then adding of steel ball to the system was evaluated. The results were validated using the plant-scale studies.
Methodology and Approaches
Samples from the feed and product streams were collected, the relevant grinding tests were conducted and the selection and breakage functions of the ore were determined. The ore breakage test results and the specification of the feed material and AG mill and vibrating screen were used as input data to the JKSimMet software. Then charging different tonnage of the steel balls to the AG mill was evaluated. Plant-scale experiments were also conducted.
Results and Conclusions
Based on the impact and abrasion tests of the feed samples this ore was considered as a medium hard type ore. The simulation result for the mill product size distribution was very close to the actual data of the plant. Therefore, this software could be used to predict other changes in the circuit. The simulation results showed that by adding 5 and 10 percent (volume) of 100 mm steel balls to the Choghart AG mill its throughput could be increased by around 3 and 7 percent, respectively. The plant scale experiments with the same type of steel ball were in agreement with the simulation results. As it was expected the mill product size increased slightly