پیش‌بینی گشتاور چرخشی موردنیاز برای انجام عملیات حفاری انحرافی در لایه‌های سنگی با استفاده از ترکیب شبکه عصبی مصنوعی و الگوریتم بهینه‌سازی مبتنی بر جغرافیای زیستی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

دانشکده مهندسی معدن، دانشگاه صنعتی اراک

10.29252/anm.7.13.59

چکیده

امروزه عملیات حفاری انحرافی به‌طور گسترده‌ای در انواع شرایط زمین‌شناسی به کار می‌رود، اما استفاده بهینه از این فنّاوری در شرایط سنگی و سخت به دانش و تجربه بالای مهندسی نیاز دارد. مقدار گشتاور چرخشی یکی از پارامترهای بسیار مهمی است که باید برای انجام عملیات حفاری انحرافی پیش‌بینی شود. در این پژوهش جهت ارائه راهکار جدید برای پیش‌بینی گشتاور چرخشی موردنیاز برای انجام عملیات حفاری انحرافی در لایه‌های سنگی از روش ترکیب شبکه عصبی مصنوعی و الگوریتم بهینه‌سازی مبتنی بر جغرافیای زیستی استفاده شده است. درواقع برای بهینه‌سازی وزن‌های شبکه عصبی مصنوعی و بالا بردن توانایی‌های شبکه از الگوریتم مبتنی بر جغرافیای زیستی بهره گرفته شده است. هم‌چنین از نیروی محوری، سرعت چرخش مته، طول رشته حفاری، تغییر زاویه کلی گمانه، قطر iامین برقو، سرعت جریان گل و ویسکوزیته گل حفاری به‌عنوان پارامترهای ورودی مدل برای پیش‌بینی گشتاور چرخشی استفاده شده است. برای ارزیابی توانایی مدل در پیش‌بینی گشتاور چرخشی، از داده‌های پروژه انتقال گاز طبیعی غرب به شرق چین استفاده شده است. تعداد کل داده‌ها در این پروژه 84 داده است که از این تعداد به‌طور تصادفی، 75 درصد داده‌ها برای آموزش مدل و 25 درصد داده‌ها برای آزمون مدل استفاده شده است. نتایج حاصل از این مطالعه بیانگر آن است که مدل پیشنهادی می‌تواند به‌عنوان یک ابزار قدرتمند برای مدلسازی مسائل حفاری انحرافی مورد استفاده قرار گیرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Prediction of Rotational Torque to Operate Drilling Using Hybrid ANN with Biogeography-Based Optimization Algorithm

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hadi Fattahi
  • Zohre Bayatzade
Dept. of Mining, Arak University of Technology, Iran
چکیده [English]

Summary
Horizontal directional drilling (HDD) is a popular method for installation of both steel and plastic underground pipelines. Besides selecting the appropriate type and size of reamers the rotational torque is another important parameters that must be predicted for performing the reaming operation. In this study, hybrid artificial neural networks (ANN) with biogeography-based optimization (ANN-BBO) model were applied for predicting rotational torque. In fact BBO was used to better regulate the weights and biases of the ANN model. In this study, axial force on the cutter/bit, rotational speed of the bit, the length of drill string in the borehole, the total angular change of the borehole, the radius for the ith reaming operation, the mud flow rate and the mud viscosity are applied as input variables to predict the rotational torque. To assess the ability of the model to predict the rotational torque, West–East Natural Gas Transmission project in China was used. Results indicate that this model has high potentials for estimating the rotational torque using a set of listed input parameters.
 
Introduction
A major concern of many HDD projects is prediction of required rotation torque. It has been established that the required rotational torque at the drill rig depends on various factors, including geological conditions, drilling method, reamer cutter/bit size and type, rotary speed, axial force on bit, drilling mud properties, borehole diameter, length of drill string in the borehole, and borehole trajectory. In this area in recent years, studies have been done using traditional statistical methods, but this study focuses on the application of artificial intelligence in this field.
 
Methodology and Approaches
In this study, ANN method and BBO algorithm is used. We used BBO to better regulate the weights and biases of the ANN model. BBO is an evolutionary algorithm that is inspired by biogeography. In BBO, a biogeography habitat indicates a candidate optimization problem solution, and it is comprised of a set of features, which are also called decision variables, or independent variables. BBO consists of two main steps: migration and mutation.
 
Results and Conclusions
In this paper, 75% of the data sets were assigned for training purposes while 25% was used for testing of the network performance. Network with 7-8-1 structure is optimized and the results indicate that this model has high potentials for estimating the rotational torque.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Horizontal Directional Drilling (HDD)
  • rotational torque (M)
  • Artificial Neural Networks (ANN)
  • Biogeography-Based optimization (BBO)
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