بررسی عددی تاثیر پارامترهای هندسی و مکانیکی دسته درزه‌های متقاطع بر مساحت زون ریزش اطراف تونل

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

بخش مهندسی معدن، دانشگاه شهید باهنر کرمان

10.29252/anm.7.14.87

چکیده

طراحی سازه‌های زیرزمینی باید با توجه به شرایط ساختاری توده‌سنگ صورت گیرد. در این زمینه شرایط قرارگیری درزه‌ها، زوایه آنها نسبت به فضای زیرزمینی و زاویه درز‌ها نسبت به هم از اهمیت ویژه‌ای برخوردار است. در این مطالعه پایداری ساختاری تونلی با مقطع نعل اسبی در توده‌سنگ درزه‌دار حاوی دو دسته درزه با فاصله‌داری‌های متفاوت مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. برای مدلسازی درزه‌ها پارامترهای سختی برشی درزه‌ها، شیب دسته درزه‌ها، بازشدگی و فاصله‌داری، نسبت فاصله‌داری درزه‌ها به عرض دهانه تونل () و نسبت تنش‌های برجا به عنوان متغیرهای مدلسازی در نظر گرفته شد. مساحت زون ریزش با تغییر هر یک از شاخص‌ها به طور جداگانه محاسبه شد و بهترین حالت ممکن که دارای کمترین سطح زون ریزش است، تعیین شد. نتایج نشان داد که اگر اختلاف شیب دو دسته‌درزه کمتر از 40 درجه باشد بیشترین سطح زون ریزش تشکیل می‌شود و افزایش اختلاف شیب دسته درزه‌ها بیش از 40 درجه موجب کاهش سطح ریزش می‌شود. همچنین افزایش نسبت فاصله‌داری درزه‌ها به عرض دهانه تونل منجر به افزایش مساحت زون ریزشی و ناپایداری بیشتر می‌شود. ناپایداری در نسبت مذکور در بازه‌های 11/0 تا 33/0 وجود دارد و برای مقادیر بیش از 33/0 برای نسبت ذکر شده به علت افزایش ابعاد بلوک و عدم امکان ریزش، ناپایداری به صفر می‌رسد. ایمن‌ترین حالت و کم‌ترین مساحت زون ریزش در نسبت  و بیش‌ترین مساحت در نسبت  اتفاق افتاد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Numerical Investigation of the Influence of Geometrical and Mechanical Parameters of the Intersecting Joint Sets on the Area of Failure Zones around Tunnel

نویسندگان [English]

  • Minoo Farmand
  • Reza Rahman nejad
  • Gholamreza Shaeedi
Dept. of Mining, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Iran
چکیده [English]

Summary
One of the important problems in designing underground structures is geometrical and mechanical parameters of joint sets. Therefore designing underground structures should be done according to the structural conditions of the rock mass. In this regard, it is important to consider joint condition and spatial position of joints toward the underground excavation. In this study, using UDEC software, the structural stability of a tunnel with a horseshoe cross section in an intersecting jointed rock mass is investigated. Rock mass was containing two joint sets with different joint spacing. In the numerical models, joint shear stiffness, joint dip, joint opening, joint spacing, the ratio of joint spacing to width tunnel (l/b) and in situ stress were considered as variables. The area of failure zone was calculated separately by changing abovementioned parameters and the best condition concerning the least failure zone was determined. According to results, the largest failure area will created when dip difference between joint sets is lower than 40 degree, and further increasing of dip difference between joint sets causes reduction of area of failure zone. Also, increasing the ratio of joint spacing to tunnel width, leading to increase of the area of failure zone and consequently increase of instabilities. Instability exist in the range of this ratio from 0.11 to 0.33, and increasing of the ratio more than 0.33 provides improvement of stability condition (i.e., instability approaches zero) due to increasing block size and impossibility of block caving. The safest situation regarding minimum and maximum area of failure zone will occur for l/b=0.11 and 0.33, respectively.
 
Introduction
In this research, the effective parameters of jointed rock mass, which affect the tunnel stability and the extent of the failure zone, were examined. The final shape of failure zone has presented in a table. Also the safest situation of intersecting joints has introduced.
 
Methodology and Approaches
UDEC software has the ability of modeling jointed rock masses by considering the characteristics of joints. Therefore, using this software,   the extent of the failure zone were calculated.
 
Results and Conclusions
In this research, the area and the shape of failure zone of a jointed-rock are analyzed and the effect of main parameters on tunnel stability are discussed.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Stability analysis
  • Joint
  • Geometrical parameters
  • Numerical modeling
  • Area of failure zone
  • UDE
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