Johnson, T.B. (1969) Optimum Production Scheduling. Proceedings, 8th International Symposium on Computers and Operations research, Salt Lake City, 539-562.
 Williams, C.E. (1974) Computerized Year-by-Year Open Pit Mine Scheduling. Society of Mining Engineers, AIME, Transactions, 256, 45-52.
 Gershon, M.E. (1983). Optimal mine production scheduling: evaluation of large scale mathematical programming approaches. International journal of mining engineering, 1(4), 315-329.
 Dagdelen K. and Johnson, T.B. (1986). Optimum Open Pit Mine Production Scheduling by Lagrangian Parametrization. Proceeding of the 19th International Symposium on the Application of Computers and Operations Research in the Mineral Industry, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania, 13, 127-142.
 Elevli, B. (1995). Open pit mine design and extraction sequencing by use of OR and AI concept. International Journal of surface mining, reclamation and environmental, 9, 149-153
 Rovenscroft, P.J. (1992). Risk analysis for mine planning by conditional simulation. Trans. Instn Min. Metall. (Sec.A: Min. Industry), 101, 82-88.
 Tolwinski, B. (1994). Scheduling production for open pit mines. Proceedings of APCOM’98, 19-23.
 Lerchs, H. and Grossman, F. (1965). Optimum design of open-pit mines. Trans. CIM, 58, 47-54.
 Akaike, A. and Dagdelen, K. (1999). A strategic production scheduling method for an open pit mine. Proceedings of the 28th Application of Computers and Operation Research in the Mineral Industry, 729–738.
 Whittle, D. (2000). Proteus Environment: Sensitivity Analysis Made Easy presented at Whittle North American Strategic Mine Planning Conference, Colorado.
 Johnson T.B., Dagdelen K. and Ramazan S. (2002). Open pit mine scheduling based on fundamental tree algorithm, Proceeding of the 30th International Symposium on the Application of Computers and Operations Research in the Mineral Industry, (SME: Littleton), 147-159.
 Dimitrakopoulos, R. and Ramazan, S. (2004). Uncertainty based production scheduling in open pit mining. SME Transactions, 316, 106-112.
 Ramazan, S. and Dimitrakopoulos, R. (2004). Recent application of operations research in open pit mining, SME Transactions, 316, 73-78.
 Ramazan, S. and Dimitrakopoulos, R. (2007). Stochastic optimization of long term production scheduling for open pit mines with a new integer programming formulation. Orebody Modelling and Strategic Mine Planning, The Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, Spectrum Series, 14(2), 385-392.
 Boland, N., Dumitrescu, I., Froyland, G., and Gleixner, A.M. (2009). LP-based disaggregation approaches to solving the open pit mining production scheduling problem with block processing selectivity. Computers & Operations Research, 36(4), 1064-1089.
 Bley, A., Boland, N., Fricke, C., and Froyland, G. (2010). A strengthened formulation and cutting planes for the open pit mine production scheduling problem. Computers & Operations Research, 37(9), 1641-1647.
 Lamghari, A. and Dimitrakopoulos, R. (2012). A diversified Tabu search approach for the open pit mine production scheduling problem with metal uncertainty. European Journal of Operational Research, 222(3), 642-652.
 Sattarvand, J. and Niemann-Delius, C. (2013). A new metaheuristic algorithm for long-term open pit production planning. Archives of Mining Sciences, 58(1), 107-118.
 Dimitrakopoulos, R. and Jewbali, A. (2013). Joint stochastic optimization of short and long term mine production planning: Method and application in a large operating gold mine. IMM Transactions, Mining Technology, 122(2), 110-123.
 Soleymani Shishvan, M. and Sattarvand, J. (2015). Long term production planning of open pit mines by ant colony optimization. European Journal of Operational Research, 240(3), 825-836.
 Mokhtarian, M. and Sattarvand, J. (2016). An Imperialist Competitive Algorithm for Solving the Production Scheduling Problem in Open Pit Mine, Int. J. Min. & Geo-Eng. 50(1), 131-143.
 Mokhtarian, M. and Sattarvand, J. (2016). Commodity price uncertainty propagation in open-pit mine production planning by Latin hypercube sampling method. Journal of Mining & Environment, 7(2), 215-227.
 Lamghari, A. and Dimitrakopoulos, R. (2016). Progressive hedging applied as a metaheuristic to schedule production in open pit mines accounting for reserve uncertainty. European Journal of Operational Research, 253(3), 843-855.
 Lamghari, A. and Dimitrakopoulos, R. (2016). Network-flow based algorithms for scheduling production in multi-processor open pit mines accounting for metal uncertainty. European Journal of Operational Research, 250(1), 273-290.
 Sayyadi, A., Fathianpour, N. and Mousavi, A. (1390). "Performance comparison of production planning of Esfordi phosphate mine using linear and dynamic programming." Journal of Analytical and Numerical Methods in Mining Engineering, 1(2): 1-8 (In Persian).
 Sayyadi, A., Fathianpour, N. and Mousavi, A. (1391). "Application of Conditional Sequential Gaussian Simulation in Uncertainty Assessment of the Estimated Blocks Grade in Esfordi Phosphate Mine." Journal of Analytical and Numerical Methods in Mining Engineering, 2 (3): 44-52 (In Persian).
 Zare Naghadehi, M., Dehghani, H. and Naderipour, R. (1396). "The Probabilistic Analysis of Block Economic Value (BEV) in Open-Pit Mines Considering the Effect of Uncertainties in Metal Price and Operational Costs." Journal of Analytical and Numerical Methods in Mining Engineering, 7 (13): 15-26 (In Persian).
 Goovaerts, P. (1997). Geostatistics for Natural Resources Evaluation Oxford University Press.
 Deutsch, C.V. and Journel, A.G. (1997). GSLIB: Geostatistical Software Library and User's Guide (Applied Geostatistics Series).
 Menabde, M., Froyland, G., Stone, P. and Yeates, G. (2004). Mining schedule optimization for conditionally simulated orebodies. Proceedings of the international symposium on orebody modelling and strategic mine planning: uncertainty and risk management. 347-352.
 Gholamnejad, J., Osanloo, M. and Khorram, E. (2008). A chance constrained integer programming model for open pit long-term production planning [J]. IJE Transactions A: Basics, 21(4), 307-318.
 Denby, B. and Schofield, D. (1995). Inclusion of risk assessment in open pit design and planning. Trans. Instn Min. Metall. (Sec.A: Min. Industry), 104, 67-71.
 Dowd, P.A. (1994). Risk assessment in reserve estimation and open pit planning, Trans. Instn Min. Metall. (Sec.A: Min. Industry), 103, 148-154.
 Dimitrakopoulos, R., Farrelly, C.T. and Godoy, M. (2002). Moving forward from traditional optimization: grade uncertainty and risk effects in open pit design. Transactions of the Institutions of Mining and Metallurgy, Section A: Mining Technology, 111, 82-88.
 Godoy, M. and Dimitrakopoulos, R. (2004). Managing risk and waste mining in long-term production scheduling of open pit mines. SME Transactions, 316, 43-50.
 Ramazan, S. and Dimitrakopoulos, R. (2004). Traditional and new MIP models for production planning with in-situ grade variability, International Journal of Surface Mining, Reclamation and Environment, 18(2), 85-98.
 Gholamnejad J., Osanloo, M. and Karimi, B. (2006). A chance-constrained programming approach for open pit long-term production scheduling in stochastic environments. The Journal of the South African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, 106, 105-114.
 Gholamnejad, J. and Osanloo, M. (2007). A chance constrained integer programming model for open pit long-term production planning. Proceedings of the sixteenth international symposium on mine planning and equipment selection (MPES 2007), 359-372.
 Gholamnejad, J. and Moosavi, E. (2012). A new mathematical programming model for long-term production scheduling considering geological uncertainty. The Journal of the Southern African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, 112(2), 77-81.
 Goodfellow, R., and Dimitrakopoulos, R. (2013). Algorithmic integration of geological un-certainty in push back designs for complex multi-process open-pit mines. Mining Technology, 122(2), 67-77.
 Leite, A. and Dimitrakopoulos, R. (2014). Stochastic optimization of mine production scheduling with uncertain ore/metal/waste supply. Int J Min Sci Technol.
 Koushavand, B., Askari-Nasab, H. and Deutsch, C.V. (2014). A linear programming model for long-term mine planning in the presence of grade uncertainty and a stockpile. International Journal of Mining Science and Technology, 24, 451-459.
 Goodfellow, R. and Dimitrakopoulos, R. (2016). Global optimization of open pit mining complexes with uncertainty, Applied Soft Computing, 40, 292-304.
 Khan, A. (2018). Long-term production scheduling of open pit mines using particle swarm and bat algorithms under grade uncertainty. Journal of the Southern African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, 118, 361-368.
 Fisher, M.L. (1981). The Lagrangian relaxation method for solving integer programming problems. Management Science Journal, 27(1), 1−18.
 Yang, X.S. (2010). A new metaheuristic bat-inspired algorithm. Nature inspired cooperative strategies for optimization (NICSO 2010), Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 65- 74.
 Mirjalili, S.A., Mirjalili, S.M. and Yang, X.S. (2014). Binary bat algorithm, Neural Computing and Applications 25, 663-681.
 Yang, X. S. and He, X. (2013). Bat algorithm: literature review and applications, International Journal of Bio-Inspired Computation, 5(3), 141-149.
 Yang, X.S. (2011). Bat algorithm for multi-objective optimization. International Journal of Bio-Inspired Computation, 3(5), 267-274.